Dr. Mehmood Ul Hassan Khan
Kazakhstan is colossal in size, colourful in its culture, diversified in its tradition, rich in its civilization and is a nation state which has been successfully governed by a great leader Nursultan Nazarbayev, the first president of the country for the last three decades. Kazakhstan’s first president Nursultan Nazarbayev is regarded as the symbol of “socio-economic” and “political stability” in Kazakhstan.
Elbasy Nursultan Nazarbayev has now become “larger than life character” in the national history of Kazakhstan. He remained a successful “political strategist” and “applied economist” too. He implemented short, medium and long term socio-economic reforms to achieve “living miracles”. He successfully achieved the journey of “socialist economy” to “market economy” in a very short span of time.
Being prominent regional expert of Kazakhstan & CIS during early period this country experienced a sharp decline in GDP by 60%. Industrial decline reached 28%, 130 large Kazakh enterprises stopped their production work, having remained without markets and raw materials, working capital, Elbasy Nursultan Nazarbayev developed an action plan in a short time and started to build a market economy. Many times it was said that Kazakhstan carried out the fastest and most effective reforms.
During his presidency Kazakhstan achieved highest GDP%, GNP, Foreign Direct Investment (FDIs), immense social development, formation of qualitative human resource capital, reduction of poverty, generation of new jobs, diversification of macro-economy and successful institutionalization of smart economy.
According to many regional as well as international research studies and publications, Kazakhstan achieved highest political recognition and was elected temporary member of the UN Security Council in 2017-2018. Moreover, it achieved a 15-fold economic growth during Nazarbayev’s three decades in the office. Income per capita increased nine times and the country was listed in the most-developed 50 countries.
Kazakhstan has transformed into an intercontinental transit center thanks to transit and logistics infrastructure investments policies of him, while the number of population living on the poverty line in the years of independence has decreased by 15 times.
His continued economic reforms transformed his country and improved the business and investment environment in the country, Kazakhstan, which attracted a total of $300 billion of foreign investment, became the leading country in Central Asia.
Being prominent regional expert of Kazakhstan & CIS I fully endorse that the national history of Independent Kazakhstan is, in fact, the history of the leadership of the father-founder of Kazakhstan, the first President Nursultan Nazarbayev. During his presidency he announced and pursued “innovative ideas” to break the “socio-economic system”, political “status quo” and “constitutional barriers” and ultimately secured numerous victories and successes for the benefit of Kazakhstan.
It is crystal clear that all the grand successes of Kazakhstan are directly correlated to the “strategic vision”, “constant reforms”, pragmatism and far-sightedness of N. Nazarbayev. Kazakhstan has succeeded to above-average income in less than 2 decades. Under Nursultan Nazarbayev, GDP per capita in Kazakhstan increased almost from $ 1,600 in 1990 to almost $ 10,000 by the end of 2018.
Furthermore, Kazakhstan moved to a group of upper-middle-income countries. Nursultan Nazarbayev did not stop there in 2006. Since then, he has been pursuing promising “structural” and “institutional” reforms which are aimed at reducing the “role” of the “state” in the economy and promoting the development of a dynamic, modern and non-resource-based innovation sector. He also made concerted efforts to increase the authority of Kazakhstan on the world stage and the integration of its macro-economy into the world economic system.
It is true that Kazakhstan under the leadership of Nursultan Nazarbayev has become a powerful state with great “political influence” and “positivity” in the world. He has been an “instrumental” “dignified figure” in promoting regional peace, harmony, connectivity, socio-economic integration and above all collective political consultation. He initiated numerous projects and also makes a great contribution to the strengthening of peace not only in the CIS but also in the world. His passions and sincere efforts to bring peace in the world especially in Syria are highly appreciated by the world community.
Elbasy Nursultan Nazarbayev was destined to lead the “multinational” people of Kazakhstan in a new historical epoch. He successfully pursued the creation of Independent Kazakhstan. As “political guru” and “social reformer” he transformed his beloved country from economic crisis, distorted politicalization and democratization, vague demographic situation, lack of state institutions and unresolved borders issues. He managed to overcome dramatic interruption of economic ties, the lack of coordination in the actions of the newly emerged independent states led to a severe economic catastrophe, hyperinflation, the fall of the economy, a stable budget deficit, lower incomes, the growth of mass unemployment The First President was able to refute all the fatal forecasts, Kazakhstan nevertheless was successfully transformed.
The contribution of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Elbassy N. Nazarbayev in establishment of independent Kazakhstan has labeled him larger than life character.
The formation of N. Nazarbayev, from the party leader to the nationwide leader, took place during the storm and stress of the early 1990s. He managed to transform Kazakhstan to the forefront in terms of both domestic and foreign policy development. A smart combination of Soviet life experience and keen sense of the most promising topics of modern development distinguish the personal political style of Nursultan Nazarbayev. He sailed his country to the shores of socio-economic prosperity and sustainability by pursuing a balanced foreign policy by avoiding military might of Russia, political clout of the US & EU and economic dominance of China.
He remained pioneer of regional cooperation, coordination and collaboration. In 1992, at the 47th session of the UN General Assembly, the First President of Kazakhstan presented the idea of convening a meeting on interaction and confidence-building measures in Asia, which turned an important platform for solidarity and joint efforts to strengthen peace and stability in Asia and around the world through dialogue and cooperation. His proposal to establish the CICA received an active response from China.
Nursultan Nazarbayev is one of the founding fathers of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). He promoted concepts of productive and contributory regionalism among the member states of the SCO. He patronized ideal combination of conflict resolution and greater economic integration among the SCO states. He conceptualized regional energy and food security and implemented through various decrees of the SCO. He believed strategic expansion of the SCO which he achieved through collective consensus of the SCO member states.
To reduce regional barriers, international socio-economic protectionism, civilization deviations, elements of prejudice, bigotry and hatred he presented the idea of the “Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions”. He pioneered to form Astana as a Eurasian city of the future, open to all cultures. He maintained principle of unity in diversity which is the true philosophy of the Kazakh capital. Astana has become known to the entire international community as the place that attracts peace-making processes and unifying initiatives.
It remained icon of solidarity, mutual respect and tolerance. In the country there are more than 3.5 thousand religious places of worship of 18 different faiths are registered in Kazakhstan. He maintained a balance between ensuring national security and protecting religious freedoms. He is master-mind of Kazakhstan model of interfaith peace and harmony which achieved numerous dividends.
Nazarbayev has been a practitioner of the Kazakh model in which he has successfully made the transition from a “socialist economy” to a free market economy model, adapted quickly to the world community and adopted the motto “economy comes first” to take the realities of post-Soviet Kazakhstan into account.
Nursultan Nazarbayev was elected the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist party of Kazakhstan on June 22, 1989 and since then has continuously led Kazakhstan for 30 years, pursuing a well-structured, effective state policy. A leader who has his country’s interests at heart can accelerate progress by helping provide a framework through which these collective efforts are focused. Through his diversified but integrated state policies he provided a stable and business friendly environment that encouraged people to work together towards common goals.
President Nazarbayev initiated “bold steps” like shutting down one of the world’s largest nuclear test sites, renouncing nuclear weapons and promoting dialogue and respect for international law have defined Kazakhstan in the world. His strategic thinking and pragmatic approach and the spirits of internationalism and friendships forged at the highest level have helped Kazakhstan in electing the UN Security Council, a major step not just for Kazakhstan but also the entire region.
Kazakhstan’s potential as one of the leading nations of the region in future is based on the fact that a great and visionary leader like President Nazarbayev governed the state with “vision” and “brave heart”. He announced “Strategy Kazakhstan 2050” and established new state policies and set pathways for people of Kazakhstan to reach their destiny of peace, development and prosperity. The document highlighted long-term strategies to achieve these goals and take a pragmatic approach in detailing each segment of social, economic, strategic and cultural plan while providing effective mechanisms for achieving progress in the face of domestic, regional and international challenges.
On the other hand, “Kazakhstan 2030” outlined seven long-term priorities based on the challenges that were considered significant for the growth and prosperity of the country. These included national security, domestic stability and consolidation of society; economic growth based on an open market economy; health, education, and welfare; effectively utilizing energy resources; transport and communication infrastructure; and the professionalization of public administration. The strategy also outlined various ways to implement these seven aspirations and critically evaluated the success and failures of the policy.
Elbasy Nursultan Nazarbayev merged a true loyalist political leader and economist after successfully started his journey of grand transformation and transition from “confrontation to cooperation”. His noble ideas and workable policies substantially, switched the paradigm of global thinking from confrontation to cooperation. He was pioneer of commercial diplomacy in the CIS who pursued systemic approach to move from forceful egoism, social nihilism and economic nationalism to a responsible search for reasonable compromises.
National leader or Elbasy, Nursultan Nazarbayev is still very active and productive for his country and people by holding membership in the Constitutional Council, chairmanship of the ruling party Nur Otan and his position of head of the Security Council has dignified him larger than life character, a immortal personality to Kazakhstan